electric panel board

More Knowledge About Distribution Substations

substation1

A substation is a high-voltage electric system office. It is utilized to switch generators, hardware, and circuits or lines all through a system. It likewise is utilized to change AC voltages starting with one level then onto the next, and/or change alternating current to direct present or direct current to alternating current. A few substations are small with minimal more than a transformer and related switches. Others are expansive with a few transformers and many switches and other hardware. There are three aspects to substations:

Substation Types: Although, there are for the most part four sorts of substations are a combination of two or more sorts.

  • Step up Transmission Substation
  • Step down Transmission Substation
  • Distribution Substation
  • Underground Distribution Substation
  • Substation Functions
  • Substation Equipment

Distribution substations are situated close to the end-users. Distribution substation transformers change the transmission or sub-transmission voltage to lower levels for utilization by end-users. Typical distribution voltages vary from 34,500Y/19,920 volts to 4,160Y/2400 volts.

34,500Y/19,920 volts are interpreted as a three-stage circuit with a grounded neutral source. This would have three high-voltage conductors or wires and one grounded neutral conductor, a sum of four wires. The voltage between the three stage conductors or wires would be 34,500 volts and the voltage between one phase conductor and the neutral ground would be 19,920 volts.

From here the power is distributed to modern, business, and private clients.

Substations are intended to achieve the accompanying functions, although not all substations have every one of these functions:

  • Change voltage starting with one level then onto the next
  • Direct voltage to make up for system voltage changes
  • Switch transmission and distribution circuits into and out of the grid system
  • Measure electric power qualities flowing in the circuits
  • Connect communication signals to the circuits
  • Eliminate lightning and other electrical surges from the system
  • Connect electric generation plants to the system

Make interconnections between the electric systems of more than one utility

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Significance Of Switchboards

switchboard

An electric switchboard is a gadget that directs power from one or more sources of supply to a few smaller areas of utilization. It is a get together of one or more boards, each of which contains switches that permit power to be redirected.

The U.S. National Electrical Code (NEC) characterizes a switchboards as “a large single board, edge, or assemblies of boards on which are mounted, on the face, back, or both, switches, over-present and other defensive gadgets, buses, and generally instruments”. The part of a switchboard is to permit the division of the current supplied to the switchboard into littler currents for further distribution and to give switching, current security and metering for those currents. Switchboards may circulate energy to transformers, panelboards, control equipment, and, at last, to individual system loads.

Components

Inside a switchboard there will be one or more busbars. These are flat pieces of copper or aluminum, to which the switchgear is associated. Busbars bring large currents through the switchboard, and are supported by insulators. Bare busbars are general, yet numerous sorts are manufactured with an insulating covers on the bars, leaving just connection points uncovered.

The operator is shielded from electric shock by safety switches and fuses. There may likewise be controls for the supply of power to the switchboard, originating from a generator or bank of electrical generators, particularly recurrence control of AC power and load sharing controls, in addition to gauges demonstrating frequency and maybe a synchroscope. The power going into a switchboard should constantly equivalent to the power going out to the loads.

Enclosure

Present day modern switchboards are metal encased and of “dead front” construction; no empowered parts are available when the covers and panels are shut. A switchboard may have incoming bus bars or bus conduit for the source connection, furthermore for large circuits fed from the board. A switchboard may incorporate a metering or control compartment separated from the power distribution conductors.

Present day modern switchboards are metal encased and of “dead front” construction; no empowered parts are available when the covers and panels are shut. A switchboard may have incoming bus bars or bus conduit for the source connection, furthermore for large circuits fed from the board. A switchboard may incorporate a metering or control compartment separated from the power distribution conductors.

Segregated Phase Bus Duct- Managing the Low and Medium Voltage Requirements

segregated phase bus

Generation and distribution of electricity is of vital importance for everything nowadays. Every enterprise and every household requires electricity. There are various devices and components which are involved in the production and management of electricity as it is a very complex process. Segregated Phase Bus Duct is one such device which is designed for the low and medium voltage requirements.

The purpose of such designs is to meet specific, continuous and short circuit current ratings and generating stations, substations and industrial distribution systems which can be installed indoors and outdoors. In a segregated bus duct, each phase conductor is separated by a grounded barrier from adjacent phases unlike in non-segregated phase ducts where all phase conductors are in the same enclosure. For conducting large currents between devices, a cable bus is used. For very large currents in generating stations or substations, where it is difficult to provide circuit protection, an isolated-phase bus is used. Each phase of the circuit is run in a separate grounded metal enclosure. The only fault possible is a phase-to-ground fault, since the enclosures are separated. This type of bus can be rated up to 50,000 amperes and up to hundreds of kilovolts (during normal service, not just for faults), but is not used for building wiring in the conventional sense.

One of the greatest advantages of bus ducts is that they are capable of adding or removing a branch circuit without removing voltage from the whole duct. It carries large amounts of amperage across a distance. This is useful in plant design so that you can pull individual leads down from it to machinery. The problem with this is control. If it is installed and the plant does not properly keep up on load documentation, it is easy to overload it. Installing bus duct requires the installer to work with and handle high voltages and currents which can cause instant death. Therefore, it should be done with utmost care and all the necessary precautions should be taken.

Electrical Panelboard: Way To Design Them

electrical panelboard

Electrical panel boards serve like the control centre for several electrical systems like, residential wiring. If the electrical panel is well-made, it is simple to access and added electrical systems can be additional to the panel with time. If the panel is ill designed, several problems can rise. The electrical contractor can be employed to design the panel however the cost can be great. Use few expert design methods to make an electrical panelboard, thereby reducing the cost of employing the contractor or designer.

Instructions

  1. Decide the system’s requirements and individual constituents. In residential arrangements, the electrical requirements of a family alter with time. Room additions might be added to the arrangement for extra family members. Electrical panel board should be designed to house these variations. Prepare a record of the immediate requirements and long term goals. If added electrical components need to be added, the panel should be large enough to lodge those constituents. Record all the constituents that will be measured from the panel.
  1. Have a look at the necessary electrical codes for the project. Even panel’s casing need to be constructed from constituents accepted by the electrical codes. Electrical codes could be assimilated at the State’s Building Standards Commission’s website. Record all the suitable panel material and any statistics referring to the panel’s wiring like breaker loads.
  1. Make a sketch of the panel board. Initiate by drawing the panel’s face outline. Decide a logical order of locations for the panel’s constituents. Panel components, like, switches, must be grouped in clusters as per the use and easy to access. If the panel controls devices on any side of it, the switches for the devices ought to be clustered consequently. Design the panel so that any switches or controls are located in logical locations.

Electric Panel Board: Their Prominent Types

Electric Panel Board

Electric panel board, also known by the name of breaker panel and distribution board is a constituent of an electricity supply system that divides an electrical power feed into its subsidiary circuits, though providing circuit breaker for each circuit or a protective fuse in a common enclosure. Usually, a main switch, and in recent boards, one or more residual current devices (RCD) or residual current breakers with over current protection (RCBO), are also integrated. Depending upon the application, Electric Panel Board is of varied types:

  • Factory Assembled Panel Boards

Factory assembled panel boards are available in all common configurations. They are available directly through distributor stock to help cut down the lead times while providing a dependable solution for the light commercial projects.

  • Lighting Panel Boards

Panel boards are ideal for lighting and appliance branch circuit protection. Products are designed for sequence phase connection that permits complete flexibility of circuit arrangement (1-, 2- or 3-poles) to allow balance of the electrical load on each phase. The types and kinds of lighting panel boards are Fusible Lighting Panel boards, Pow-R-Line 1a and 2a, Pow-R-Line 3a, Pow-R-Line BCM panel board, Pow-R-Line 1R and 2R and Pow-R-Line 3E.

  •  Column Panels

Column Panels offer a proven design for warehouse, commercial and industrial applications. They measure a compact 8-5/8″ wide by 6″ deep and are easily mounted inside an I-beam for industrial applications. The main breaker lugs could be mounted for top or bottom feed. They are ideal for confined areas or renovation projects.

  • Elevator Control Panel board

Control panel boards are designed to meet the stringent requirements commanded by the multiple building codes. These codes are designed to offer fire protection and safety within elevator shafts. The elevator control panel board takes the speculation out of code compliance with respect to the electrical communications and electrical components systems.

Electrical panelboard for solving all electrical problems in a campus

panel boards

Know your electrical panelboard: You might wonder what is a panelboard device. It is an electrical service panel is that equipment which distributes electricity to different parts of your house. This is the device which is switched off whenever there is any natural disaster, large electrical event, thunderstorm, snowstorm, hail, etc. This is the device which is responsible for supplying current to the various electrical and electronic components in your house. So it is very important or rather crucial to know what it is, what it does and where it is located in your house. You must be familiar with the electrical panelboard as it is responsible for the key function of your house that is electricity supply. Knowing the location, purpose and operation of the equipment is crucial because in that case only you would know when to go for your electrical mains supply and what to do and how. The wrong circuit breaker could be hazardous so it is a must that you know the exact circuit breaker. Any wrong move can spell disaster and so, it is of utmost importance that you know the correct procedure.

Operating the panelboard: You must be prepared and armed with knowledge in case of any emergency which can otherwise, be lethal. Generally the electric panel is located in the basement or the back room or any other ‘separated’ or ‘distant’ area of your house. So you need to rust to the panel as soon as there is any natural disaster beginning to take place. On opening up the panel door, you would see the circuit breaker which needs to be put off to prevent damage or harm to the electric circuitry of your house. This equipment is also known as the breaker box because it contains all the circuit breakers of the house at single place and is a one-point place for addressing all electrical short circuiting problems.

Panel Boards Maintenance For Enhanced Security

Panel Boards

Electric panels are crucial to any electric supply anywhere that is why you should ensure a fault-proof panel at your place. In case your panel is defective or malfunctioning, get it repaired or replaced immediately. This is an urgent work which demands immediate attention. Although they might not function poorly at all times, you need to be careful because one wrong thing can destroy it all. You should not or cannot afford to take chance with something as double-edged sword as electricity. You need to have the best of panel boards and supplies. For this you do not have to do much because you can just ring up a service provider and they will do it eagerly. All you need is to contact the service provider for some quality products. In matters relating to electricity, all that matter is quality and no compromise can be made at any cost.

But it does not mean that the electrical panelboard is expensive, but you should never compromise on quality relating to safety and security of your own as well as family members. This is important because an old time wiring system, panel systems, etc. can be fraught with danger and should not be taken lightly. There can be a lot of issues on mishandling of electricity related things. It can have far reaching consequencies, so you should never ever ignore such things. Never neglect even the slightest issues with electric systems, circuits and fuses because they can prove dearly. So you cannot afford to lower your guard at any time and you need to be very alert and sensitive to any problems in your house’s or other places electrical systems. As for the service providers, they have all the necessary expertise with experience who can handle all this stuff easily. You only need to state your problem to them and they would fix it all.

 

An Insight On The Working Of Panel Boards

Panel boards, also known as distribution boards is a constituent of an electricity supply system that splits an electronic power feed into the subsidiary circuits, whilst offering a defensive fuse or circuit breaker for every circuit, in a general enclosure. Generally, a main switch, and in latest boards, one or more Residual Current Breakers or Residual-current devices (RCD) with Over current protection (RCBO), will also be included.

Panel Boards

This new invention of panel board product symbolizes the high level of engineering innovation expected from Siemens. With strength and flexibility added to the offered durable and rugged panel board family, panel boards are very easy for installment. These newer designs also simplify wiring and lessen material demands and requirement, thereby, helps in saving additional installation time.

Panel boards are designed for meeting the needs of any type of electrical distribution system.  Lighting, Receptacle and Distribution electric panel board are custom engineered products which are designed for meeting specific customer needs.